Chain stores have a modern meaning and were established in 17 century, parallel to European industry era. In 1859, the idea was exported to USA and the Americans were obliged to establish the chain stores, and Atlantic Pacific Stores (A & P) were founded. The process was being continued and 60% of retail selling were done in chain stores in 1997.
Nowadays Walmart, Kmart, Target, are named as the greatest chain stores all over the world. walmart stores were the greatest company as a profit maker in the world.